What-what you should know about martial law



MANILA, Philippines — Placed by President Rodrigo Duterte under military law or martial law the whole Mindanao within sixty days after besiege the Maute Group in Marawi City on Tuesday, May. According to Ernesto Abella, spokesman of the President, had to declare it because it suited it in the case of rebellion. It was declared as well as former president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s martial law in the province of Maguindanao launching of the massacre in the town of Ampatuan in. Known the dictatorship of former president Ferdinand Marcos in his imposition of martial law in, launching of aggravation alleged threat of communism. In his diary, said of the philippines, to plan the ambush of Juan Ponce Enrile, the former secretary of the Department of National Defense, became the reason of his declaring martial law. Apart from Proclamation, released also Mark the general orders (GO) as the strengthening in the reign of martial law in the country. Also given letters of instruction to the next day about the stoppage in the operation of journalists, ban on the gathering of the group, and others. Included in his general orders the transfer of any type of power to the president, putting a curfew hours, and assigning soldiers to apprehend the citizens do not comply or agree with the measures of the president.

According to Amnesty International, people jailed, the overly tortured or tinortyur, and, killed in the continuance of martial law from until.

Some used as torture the rape, electric shock, water cure, and strangulation

(READ: Worse than death: Torture methods during martial law) Five years since after the martial law, overthrow Marcos through a revolution in. Subsequently, there was a new Constitution with the protection against possible re-abuse of the president in his power to declare martial law. Under Article VII, Section eighteen of the Constitution, can only declare martial law, the president in the Philippines or in parts of the country if there is a siege or rebellion. He can also suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, protection of citizens from any arrest without a warrant. But not automatically the suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus at the same time of declaring martial law. When it is suspended, it can only be used on those who are charged of rebellion or of violations related to the occupation — directly or not. The anyone arrested during this time will be charged within three days, but he must be set free. Under also of the Constitution, can not be overridden by the martial law operation of the legislative and the court of the government. From the declarations of the president, there will be approximately Forty-eight hours before he forwarded his report to Congress.

With the power the Congress ratify the declarations of martial law by voting of the majority

Nor shall exceed sixty days, the suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus and the treatment of the country in martial law. But can extend it of the Congress on the instructions of the President and if it is necessary for the welfare of the citizens. At present, President Duterte that he can bind the entire country with martial law if it reaches the threat of terrorism in Luzon and Visayas